Academic Collaborations

Rationale
India is rushing headlong toward economic success and modernization, counting on high-tech industries such as information technology and biotechnology to propel the nation to prosperity. Unfortunately, its weak higher education sector constitutes the Achilles' Heel of this strategy. Its investment so far in higher education has yielded neither world-class research nor very many highly trained scholars, scientists, or managers to sustain high-tech development.

India's main competitor — especially China — is investing in large and differentiated higher education systems. China is providing access to large numbers of students at the bottom of the academic system while at the same time building some research-based universities that are able to compete with the world's best institutions. The recent London Times Higher Education Supplement ranking of the world's top 200 universities included three in China, three in Hong Kong, three in South Korea, one in Taiwan, and one in India (an Indian Institute of Technology at number 41— the specific campus was not specified). These countries are positioning themselves for leadership in the knowledge-based economies of the coming era.

There was a time when countries like India could achieve economic success with cheap labor and low-tech manufacturing. Low wages still help, but contemporary large-scale development requires a sophisticated and at least partly knowledge-based economy. India has chosen that path, but finds a major stumbling block in its university system. India has significant advantages in the 21st century knowledge race. It has a large higher education sector — the second largest in the world in student numbers, after China. It uses English as a primary language of higher education and research. It has a long academic tradition. Academic freedom is respected. There are a small number of high quality institutions, departments, and centers that can form the basis of quality sector in higher education.

Yet the weaknesses far outweigh the strengths. India educates approximately 20 per cent of its young people in higher education compared with more than 50 percent in the major industrialized countries and 40 per cent in China. Almost all of the world's academic systems resemble a pyramid, with a small high quality tier at the top and a massive sector at the bottom. At present, the world-class institutions are mainly limited to the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) and perhaps a few others such as the All India Institute of Medical Sciences and the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. These institutions, combined, enroll well under 0.5 per cent of the student population.

Even the small top tier of higher education faces serious problems. Many IIT graduates, well trained in technology, have chosen not to contribute their skills to the burgeoning technology sector in India. Perhaps half leave the country immediately upon graduation to pursue advanced study abroad — and most do not return. A stunning 86 per cent of students in science and technology fields from India who obtain degrees in the United States do not return home immediately following their study. A corps of dedicated and able teachers work at the IITs and IIMs, but the lure of jobs abroad and in the private sector makes it increasingly difficult to lure the best and brightest to the academic profession.

India has survived with an increasingly mediocre higher education system for decades. Now as India strives to compete in a globalized economy in areas that require highly trained professionals, the quality of higher education becomes increasingly important. So far, India's large educated population base and its reservoir of at least moderately well trained university graduates have permitted the country to move ahead. But the competition is fierce. China in particular is heavily investing in improving its best universities with the aim of making a small group of them world class in the coming decade, and building them as internationally competitive research universities. Other Asian countries are also upgrading higher education with the aim of building world class-universities.

To compete successfully in the knowledge-based economy of the 21st century, India needs enough colleges and universities that not only produce bright graduates for export but can also support sophisticated research in a number of scientific and scholarly fields and produce at least some of the knowledge and technology needed for an expanding economy. How can India build a higher education system that will permit it to join developed economies?

Academic collaboration programs between the Foreign universities and Indian institutions and organizations are aimed at meeting the rapidly growing Indian educational needs by leveraging mutual capabilities. A part of the core mission of all educational institutions is to prepare their students to compete in the global economy. These collaboration programs contribute to that goal by giving students and faculty members international experience and global perspectives.
Major Fields for Academic Collaborations
Academic collaboration is possible between foreign universities and Indian institutions in several fields of study. Following are some of the major fields of study for collaborative research programs, degree and diploma programs, certificate programs, distance education programs, vocational education programs, professional development programs, twinning and transfer programs, faculty and student exchange programs, study abroad in India programs, and partnership programs.
  Accounting
  Actuarial Science / Insurance
  Advertising and Public Relations
  Aeronautical Engineering
  Agricultural Sciences
  Analytical Chemistry
  Animation and Computer Graphics
  Architecture
  Arts / Fine Arts
  Audio-Visual Media
  Aviation Management
  Biochemistry
  Bioinformatics
  Biological Sciences
  Biomedical Sciences
  Biomedical Engineering
  Biotechnology
  Business Administration / Management
  Cell Biology
  Chemical Engineering
  Chemistry
  Civil Engineering
  Clinical Laboratory Sciences
  Clinical Psychology
  Communications
  Computer Engineering
  Computer Science
  Construction Management
  Counseling Psychology
  Dentistry
  Economics
  Education
  Educational Media / Instructional Technology
  Electrical and Electronics Engineering
  Electronic Commerce
  Engineering Management
  Environmental Sciences
  Epidemiology / Public Health
  Exercise / Sports Science
  Fashion Design
  Film, TV, and Video Studies
  Finance and Banking
  Fisheries and Marine Studies
  Food Science and Technology
  Foreign Languages
  Genetics
  Geographic Information Systems
  Geology / Geosciences
  Graphic Design
  Health Physics / Radiology
  Health Services Management
  Hospital Administration
  Hospitality Management
  Human Resources Management
  Immunology
  Industrial Engineering / Management
  Information Technology
  Interior Design
  International Business
  Internet Technologies
  Journalism and Mass Communications
  Landscape Architecture
  Law and Legal Studies
  Library Science
  Management Information Systems
  Management of Technology
  Marketing
  Mathematics
  Mechanical Engineering
  Medical Laboratory Technology
  Medicine
  Microbiology
  Molecular Biology
  Music
  Networking
  Neurosciences
  Nursing
  Nutrition / Dietetics
  Occupational Therapy
  Organizational Management
  Petroleum Engineering
  Pharmaceutical Sciences
  Pharmacology and Toxicology
  Physical Sciences
  Physical Therapy
  Physician Assistant Studies
  Physiology
  Pilot Training
  Project Management
  Psychology
  Public Health
  Software Engineering
  Statistics
  Systems Engineering
  Telecommunications Engineering
  Transportation and Highway Engineering
  Travel and Tourism
  Urban and Regional Planning
  Veterinary Sciences

Research Collaborations

International Research Collaboration has always helped scientists to keep abreast of international science and to share expertise and resources. Today, one-fifth of the world's scientific papers are co-authored internationally — a result of increasingly easy communication and cross-border travel. However, a new character of International Collaboration is emerging, as scientific research has become an integral part of economic and innovation policy. International Collaboration has also become a key element in globalization strategy. Research Collaboration supports research, training and knowledge transfer in everything from architecture to zoology, apart from supporting World-class research facilities. It also promotes public engagement in science, engineering and technology. The knowledge and expertise gained through investment in people and innovation allows the world to maintain a technological leading edge, build strong global economy and improve quality of life for people. International Research Collaboration requires work in Sponsorship with other research investors including Government departments and agencies, Universities and colleges, and Industry. Research Collaboration extends across disciplines and organizational boundaries. Some of the main fields for Research Collaboration are:

  ARTS AND HUMANITIES
  BIOTECHNOLOGY & BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
  ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
  ENGINEERING AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES
  MEDICAL SCIENCES
  NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
  SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Today global networks are known to have contributed significantly to the success of Silicon Valley, USA. It has been possible for the USA to benefit directly from the Information Technology boom in India by being connected. The success of India is not only from cheap labor but also from attracting global R&D activities. Recent trends indicate that USA and other countries are keen to establish connections with the new powerhouse economy of India — not only in downstream industries but also in upstream science. The world as a whole is increasingly united on the need for research and innovation to tackle global challenges such as poverty and climate change. The growing international concern regarding greenhouse gases, crises in Africa, or diseases in Developing Countries are leading to new hopes about International Research Collaboration to address these issues.

The USA was one of the first nations to establish an approach to attract "the best and the brightest" in the world to their Institutions. This policy placed the United States at the heart of International Research Collaboration, with US researchers co-authoring with researchers from over 170 Countries. The unique US position was based, first, on the openness of financial aid and fellowships to support any deserving Graduate student. This system grew through generous Federal Research funding and also by means of Institutional competition to attract the best Graduate students. Second, the tradition of openness in hiring Academics dated back to World War II, during which many prominent European scientists moved to the United States. Third, the US labor market has been open to Immigrants — particularly for highly skilled ones who could get companies to sponsor them.

Today, more Countries are taking comparable approaches to attract "the best and the brightest" through similar policies to open up. There is a stepped-up competition for International Students undertaken by several Countries — most notably Australia, the United Kingdom, Japan, and China. India is on the threshold of joining this competition. Another approach to International Collaboration is to invest in World-class Research Centers of Excellence. Singapore was one of the first countries to use public money for attracting World-class Institutions. Singapore has become a major Asian education and research center, by creating high-profile international Sponsorships (with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford, Berkeley, and Wharton—to name a few), inviting World-class Foreign Universities to open campuses (e.g., INSEAD, University of Chicago Business School, and Waseda), and by its ambitious biomedical science park, Biopolis. India has a great opportunity to enter into similar Sponsorships with leading Foreign Universities.

For a developing country such as India, these steps are likely to lead to increases in Scholarships and Research Collaboration opportunities. International Research Collaboration has entered an era in which networking has a direct economic significance. Some governments are already beginning to pay a premium to become hubs in Global Excellence networks. These developments will produce significant changes in the World's Research capacity and yield new Centers of Excellence. The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) is the premier industrial research and development organization in India. Its chain of 39 R&D laboratories with 80 field stations spread across India are manned by 10,000 highly qualified scientists and engineers and 13,000 auxiliary and other staff, covering almost the entire spectrum of industrial R&D, ranging from aerospace to mining, microelectronics to metallurgy. CSIR, for example, can play an important role in promoting International Research Collaboration. In a similar manner, there are a good number of Universities, Colleges and Centres in India that have Research programs and these trends indicate opportunities for capacity building for research in India.

With several billion dollars in annual research funded by the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, Corporate Sponsors, and other Federal and Private Foundations, American Universities are major Research Centers in the world. Award-winning Faculty members provide Graduate and Post-Graduate students with research opportunities in a multitude of disciplines. Foreign Universities work with faculty and outside Sponsors to capitalize on opportunities to expand Research and Scholarship across all intellectual fields. This includes developing new programs, making strategic investments to seed new research initiatives and assisting Faculty in obtaining funding from Sponsors. Research Collaboration between Indian Institutions and Foreign Universities will be a “win, win” for all.


Joint / Dual Degree Programs
The on-campus programs to be offered in India by Foreign Universities in collaboration with Indian institutions would be Graduate and Post-Graduate degree programs. The duration of Graduate degree programs would be three to four years while Post-Graduate degree programs would be two years. Students will receive degrees of the Foreign Universities after successful completion of the programs in India. The Foreign Universities and Indian institutions will administer the degree programs jointly. Indian institutions collaborating with the Foreign Universities will have world-class facilities such as modern classrooms, state-of-the-art laboratories, audiovisual centers, computerized libraries, video conferencing halls, software development centers, and administrative blocks. In collaborative Graduate programs, students who complete 12 (10+2) years of formal education will be eligible for admission. Students with Graduate degrees (10+2+4) or (10+2+3+1) will be eligible for admission to collaborative Post-Graduate programs.

Joint / Dual Degree Programs: Collaborative programs are also sometimes known as Joint Degree programs or Dual Degree programs in India. In these programs, Indian institutions will continue to offer their regular Graduate and Post-Graduate programs as per the Indian curricula and give Indian degrees and diplomas after successful completion. Simultaneously, Indian institutions will supplement their existing curricula with the additional curricula of Foreign Universities. Students who successfully complete the existing curricula and the additional curricula will be given degrees by the Foreign Universities.

AICTE: Collaborative degree and diploma programs which are technical in nature, namely, Engineering, Architecture, Computer Science, Business, Hotel Management and Catering Technology, Pharmacy, etc., may require the approval of statutory bodies such as the All India Council of Technical Education (AICTE), New Delhi. No Objection Certificate (NOC) will be required from the Foreign embassy or High Commission for offering the programs.
Certificate Programs
There has been a remarkable growth in the numbers and kinds of certificate programs that are sought by students and working professionals throughout India. Certificate programs include corporate training programs, executive development programs, and management development programs. Certificate programs that consist of for-credit courses are of particular interest, because credits carry over to degree and diploma programs in Foreign Universities. Graduate and Post-Graduate certificate programs are sought after in virtually every discipline, including in business, education, health sciences, information technology, humanities, and the arts. Certificate programs are of interest because of their short duration. Some of the Indian students who take up certificate programs offered by Foreign Universities in India may be interested in transferring to the Foreign Universities and complete the remainder of credits in residence for earning a degree or diploma.

Certificate programs usually comprise of five or six courses and students earn a maximum of 18 to 24 credits. Certificate programs may be of two-semester duration (one year), though a few select programs of one semester duration may also be offered. Graduate and Post-Graduate certificate programs of Foreign Universities may be offered in their entirety through Indian institutions. In addition to their existing certificate programs, Foreign Universities may suitably tailor their Graduate and Post-Graduate degree or diploma programs and offer them as certificate programs in India. Students completing the certificate programs offered through Indian institutions will be given certificates by Foreign Universities

CORPORATE EDUCATION
As providers of comprehensive continuing education, Foreign Universities can serve as Sponsors to companies and organizations in India. Foreign Universities can draw on their resources as world-renowned universities to understand Indian organizations' needs, offer expert consultation, and develop custom educational programs which would be primarily delivered by Indian instructors who are experts in their fields. Foreign Universities' reputation as valuable Sponsors and resources, and the breadth of their programs could enable them to build an impressive roster of clients and facilitate the growth of leading corporations, public agencies, and non-profit organizations in India.

In Graduate certificate programs, students who have completed 12th standard will be eligible for admission. In Post-Graduate certificate programs, students who have completed Graduate degree or equivalent diploma program in any field of study will be eligible for admission. Students, who complete the certificate programs in India, will be eligible for seeking admission to Graduate and Post-Graduate degree and diploma programs in Foreign Universities. Relevant tests such as IELTS, TOEFL and SAT / GMAT / GRE will be required for admission. The number of credits waived for such students will be at the discretion of Foreign Universities based on individual student’s academic background.
Twinning / Transfer Programs
Twinning / Transfer programs allow Indian Institutions to offer Graduate and Post-Graduate programs which will have their regular curricula. The existing curricula may be supplemented by additional curricula of the Foreign Universities if desired by Indian Institutions. Through Twinning / Transfer programs, Indian students will be able to earn several Credits during the course of their normal study in Indian Institutions. Students will have the opportunity either to complete their studies in India or to transfer their Credits to the Foreign Universities at any time after completing at least one year of their studies in Indian Institutions. Students who opt for transfer can then finish their Degree programs by completing the remainder of Credits in-residence at the Foreign Universities.

Twinning / Transfer programs are "win-win" situations for all concerned parties. The Foreign Universities will receive well-prepared students who have been instructed entirely in English and are ready to begin their major studies. Indian Institutions are strengthened by access to the latest in Foreign curricular developments. Foreign-bound Indian students save substantial cost of studying abroad. Further, students will have a wide range of subjects to choose from in the Foreign Universities, apart from the opportunity to learn in two different cultural environments, and thus becoming well-rounded learners.

Under Twinning / Transfer programs, students who complete at least one year of Graduate program (10+2+1) in Indian Institutions will be eligible for admission as Transfer Students to Graduate programs in the Foreign Universities. Students who complete second year (10+2+2) or third year (10+2+3) of graduate program may also transfer to Graduate programs in the Foreign Universities and complete the remainder of the program. TOEFL / IELTS and SAT scores will be required for admission to the Foreign Universities. Students who complete the first year of Post-Graduate program in Indian Institutions will be eligible for admission to Post-Graduate Degree programs of the Foreign Universities. TOFEL and GRE / GMAT scores will be required for admission to the Post-Graduate programs in the Foreign Universities. The number of Credits to be waived for students admitted on Transfer basis will be at the discretion of the Foreign Universities.

Students enrolling in the Graduate and Post-Graduate programs of the Foreign Universities will be given Degrees and Diplomas by the Foreign Universities after successful completion of study. Transfer students will be charged the prevailing tuition fee by the Foreign Universities. Students who do not plan to go to the Foreign Universities and students who have been unable to get Foreign visas will complete their program of study in India, and would be awarded Indian Degrees and Diplomas by the Indian Institutions concerned.

For Twinning / Transfer programs, the Indian Institutions may invite Visiting Faculty of the Foreign Universities. In such cases, the Indian Institutions will bear the expenditure towards travel, stay and board of visiting from the Foreign Universities.
Distance Education Programs

Distance education is an emerging global phenomenon that promises to alter fundamentally the nature of traditional education and training. The increasingly pervasive nature of the Net and the Web, and the collaborative infrastructure provided by net-centric computing have led to the growth of distance education. The phenomenal growth of distance education is explained by the fact that over 90% of college students access the Internet, with 50% accessing the Web daily. Also, Indian companies and organizations are spending huge amounts on in-house training and education programs through distance and blended mode. The popularity of distance education programs has further increased with the availability of on-line discussion forums.

The growth of distance education is fast and furious world-wide including in India. The future of distance education has been aptly summed up by Mr. David Gray, Vice President, University of Massachusetts: “Over the next five years, it would not surprise me at all to see the term "distance education" fade or morph into "distributed education" or perhaps simply "education." As the technologies that support distance education mature and become more widely embraced which is happening as we speak, the focus on the tools and the geographic distance at which they are utilized is likely to decrease. Our fascination with the web as an exciting new medium for learning and collaboration will most likely give way to seeing it as a common utility that people make use of routinely. Education and learning will happen, of course, and it will be a rare course indeed that does not take advantage of the tools of technology and high speed networks to aid and abet the learning process."

BLENDED LEARNING
Blended Learning is the process of incorporating many different learning styles that can be accomplished through the use of 'blended' virtual and physical resources. The instructor can also combine two or more methods of delivery of instruction. A typical example of the delivery method of blended learning would be a combination of technology-based materials and face-to-face sessions used together to present content. An instructor can begin a course with a well-structured introductory lesson in the classroom, and then proceed to follow-up materials online. Blended Learning can also be applied to the integration of e-learning with a Learning Management System using computers in a physical classroom, along with face-to-face instruction.

With today's prevalence of high technology in India, blended learning refers specifically to the provision or use of resources which combine e-learning (electronic) with other educational resources. Some of the advantages of blended learning include: cost effectiveness for both the Indian institutions and the students, accessibility to a post secondary education for students, and flexibility in scheduling and timetabling of course work.

Many Foreign Universities have already been recognized as the largest online educational resources for students seeking quality learning experience. Now Foreign Universities are in a position to offer "Blended Learning" programs in India through Indian institutions by combining a vigorous classroom experience, along with comprehensive online learning. Some of the benefits are:
  Blended learning won’t interfere with student's current job
  Student will cut down on commuting time and costs – save money on petrol and parking.
  Student can meet and connect with classmates online and in person
  Student can enjoy learning in a hands-on environment
  Taking classes at an Indian institution closest to student's work or home means more convenience and flexibility.

Indian institutions including companies and organizations, in academic collaboration with Foreign Universities, will be able to offer an array of degree, diploma, and certificate programs at Bachelor’s and Master’s levels in a wide range of fields. Distance education can be offered as a dynamic, interactive distance learning method using a diverse array of personal computers, video devices, CD and DVD ROMs, online courses over the Internet, interactive devices, and other modern technological innovations. When each lesson or segment is completed, the student makes available the assigned work for correction, grading, comment, and subject matter guidance by qualified Indian instructors. Corrected assignments are returned to the student. This exchange fosters a personalized student-instructor relationship, which is the hallmark of distance education instruction. Students will be required to take examinations in proctored settings. Assignments will be larger, longer, and more thorough so as to test for knowledge by forcing the students to research the subject and prove that they have done the work. Midterms and Final examinations will be held at common locations to enable professors to supervise directly.

The distance education programs to be offered in India by Foreign Universities in collaboration with Indian institutions would be Graduate and Post-Graduate degree, diploma, and certificate programs. Students will receive degrees, diplomas, and certificates from the concerned Foreign Uuniversities after successful completion of the programs in India. Foreign Universities and the Indian institutions will administer the programs jointly.

Following are some of the benefits for Indian students:
  Students will have access to a wide range of Bachelor's and Master's programs of Foreign Universities in India.
  Tuition and fees will be in tune with the low cost of living in India. Students get valuable degrees, diplomas, and certificates of Foreign Universities at low cost.
  Students get first-hand knowledge of latest global developments, trends and techniques.
  Students will have better opportunities for employment and international careers by having degrees, diplomas, or certificates from Foreign Universities.
   Students will have opportunity to transfer with credits to Foreign Universities for further education.

Vocational Education Programs
Vocational education or vocational education and training (VET) prepares trainees for jobs that are based on manual or practical activities, traditionally non-academic, and totally related to a specific trade, occupation, or vocation. It is sometimes referred to as technical education as the trainee directly develops expertise in a particular group of techniques or technology.

Vocational educational in India aims to develop skilled manpower through diversified courses to meet the requirements of mainly the unorganized sector and to instill self-employment skills in people through a large number of self employment oriented courses. Vocational education is imparted through Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) and Polytechnics. The nodal agency for grant of recognition to the I.T.I.s is NCVT which is under the Ministry of Labour, Government of India. Part time programs are offered through state technical education boards or universities who also offer full-time courses. Vocational training has been successful in India only in Industrial Training Institutes and that too in engineering trades. There are many private institutes in India which offer courses in vocational training and finishing, but most of them have not been recognized by the Government.

One of the weaknesses of Indian education system is that it does not give due importance to vocational education. As a result, there is a mismatch between the skilled manpower required and skilled manpower available. Every year India churns out millions of graduates who do not have the specific skill sets required by the market. This has resulted in a situation where on the one hand, there are scores of unemployed graduates and on the other hand, there is a huge shortage of skilled workers such as plumbers, electricians, etc.

To rectify this situation vocational training programs in India need to be promoted in a big way. Vocational training courses include:
  Typewriting
  Stenography
  Secretarial Practices
  Computer Operator & Programme Assistant
  Architectural Draughtsmanship
  Desk Top Publishing
  Electrical Technician
  Electronics (Radio/TV/Tape Recorder Mechanic)
  Refrigeration & Air Conditioning
  Plumbing
  Library Assistant
  Cutting/Tailoring & Dress Making
  Hair & Skin Care
  Fruit & Vegetable Preservation Programs
Faculty Exchange Programs
The faculty exchange programs would provide participants with the opportunity to teach or conduct research for one semester or an academic year at an overseas university. Faculty members would benefit from exposure to a culturally varied and diverse faculty make-up, with an opportunity to exchange ideas and observe a variety of styles. The faculty exchange program is one way to take advantage of the benefits of diverse faculty. Ultimate goal of educational institutions is to develop a vibrant and diverse faculty. This process, however cannot take place overnight. It occurs slowly, one or two faculty members at a time. The need for rich variety of ideas, cultures, thoughts, and styles, however, is immediate. In order to facilitate the process, Foreign universities and Indian institutions can develop plans for a faculty exchange programs. The benefit will be immediate, and students will have the opportunity to learn concepts and ideas presented in an entirely new and different manner. The faculty exchange programs present a unique opportunity for interaction between Foreign universities and Indian institutions. They will create a greater bond among the concerned institutions and will be a powerful recruitment and retention tool.

To ensure that the faculty exchange runs properly, it is important to understand the responsibilities of Foreign universities and Indian institutions as outlined below.

HOST INSTITUTION
Three basic schemes may define the nature of the faculty exchange and the responsibilities of the visiting faculty member. Combinations of all three are possible as arranged in each individual case.

1) RESEARCH ONLY
  Host institution will arrange housing and visiting faculty member will pay for the cost

2) TEACHING
  Visiting scholar will be provided with a salary commensurate with teaching load asked for by the host institution and agreed upon by the visitor
  Such salary may include the provision of free housing and/or board at no cost to the individual but in any case, host institution will help visitor find housing
  The host institution will assign the visiting professor an agreed upon number of courses to teach throughout the semester
  If course evaluations are issued, the host institution will forward them to the faculty visitor upon completion of the exchange semester

3) GUEST LECTURER
  Visiting scholar will be provided with lecture fees commensurate with the number of lectures asked for by the host institution and agreed upon by the visitor
  Such fees may include the provision of free housing and/or board at no cost to the individual but in any case, host institution will help visitor find housing

VISITING FACULTY
  The visiting faculty will be on sabbatical or equivalent leave during the proposed semester of overseas exchange
  The exchange will last one semester or one academic year as arranged in advance
  Depending on the scheme chosen, the faculty visitor will be responsible for various costs which may include room, board, personal living expenses on site, research costs, etc.
  Upon completion of the exchange, the visiting professor will submit a summary of his/her experience to the host institution and the home institution
Student Exchange Programs
A student exchange program between Indian institutions and foreign universities is a program where students choose to study abroad in Sponsor institutions. An exchange student could live with a host family or in a designated place including hostels, affordable apartment/house or student lodge. The cost for each program differs according to countries and institutions. The participants could either apply/receive scholarship, self-funded or apply/receive loan.

Student exchanges have the aim of helping to increase the participants' understanding and tolerance of other cultures, as well as improving their language skills and broadening their social horizons. An exchange student typically stays in the host country for a relatively short period of time, often 6 to 10 months. Some students on exchange programs can receive academic credit from the country they study in.

OBJECTIVES
  To enhance the educational experience of student
  To strengthen the networking between students and Universities
  Broaden personal and educational perspectives
  Explore, appreciate and understand different cultures
  To enhance the ability of the student in second language learning
  To eliminate fear and prejudice among nations
  Enable student to experience international education

COSTS
Programs vary depending upon program length, country, content and other factors. Most program costs include insurance and other risk management components, especially health insurance. Students going on university exchange could pay tuition fees on home campus or host campus, but most of the time it is paid to home campus. Long term exchange program for university student often comes with Scholarship that covers most of the expenses including flight ticket, accommodation and daily necessities.

ACCOMMODATION
University student going on exchange program could choose either to live on campus or off campus. Living off campus is a popular choice among student going for exchange because they would like to be independent and learn new culture on their own. Universities that host student exchange program do have special assistance for the students who seek accommodation. Institutions in India, have on-campus housing for the international student that is on exchange or studying full time.

Partnership Programs
Academic Partnership programs are established for the purpose of developing cooperative efforts to improve the academic quality of Indian secondary schools, junior colleges, and undergraduate colleges with the objective of improving the preparation of students for entry into Foreign Universities. Academic Partnerships are aimed at:

  Transforming the relationships between educational institutions to directly benefit students;
  Improving curriculum in subject areas required for admission to Foreign Universities;
  Strengthening teachers' capacities to enable all students to learn the curriculum;
  Enhancing the ability of students to benefit from these changes; and
  Improving Foreign Universities understanding of Indian students' unique needs.

Partnerships between English-medium Indian institutions and the Foreign Universities may be entered into, so that Indian students who complete 12th standard may be admitted as freshmen in Graduate programs of the Foreign Universities. Similar Partnerships may be entered between Indian institutions and Foreign Universities so that Graduate student may be admitted to Post-Graduate programs. Partnership programs are important mechanisms that enhance access to Graduate and Post-Graduate programs of the Foreign Universities. Partnership programs support educational mobility and facilitate seamless acceptance of academic credit of Indian students. These programs enable Indian students to transition smoothly to Foreign educational systems and help in students’ course selection, eliminate curriculum redundancies, and streamline the application review process. Indian students will not have to go through the cumbersome process of credential evaluation by Foreign agencies. These programs promote understanding among educators across Indian and the Foreign institutions.

These programs provide a measure of certainty to students in Indian institutions that they will be accepted in good Foreign Universities. Students will be spared the stress of having to prepare for the highly competitive entrance examinations in India with the knowledge that their admission in the Foreign Universities is almost assured. Further, students will have the option to change their field of study when they enter the Foreign Universities. This option for changing the field of study is not available in India. Tests such as IELTS, TOEFL and/or SAT/GMAT/GRE will be required for admission to the Foreign Universities.
Study Abroad in India Programs
The mission of the Indus Foundation is to provide students of Foreign Universities with high-quality academic study abroad programs that foster intercultural development. The Foundation’s vision for the future is a world filled with inter-culturally competent leaders who have both the understanding and skills to effectively, humanely, and positively navigate across different cultures, in politics, education, and business.

Over the last fifteen years, India has brought itself to the center stage of the world economy. India's engineering and technical strengths are legendary. India has become a powerhouse in software development and business process outsourcing and is making great strides in manufacturing and other high technology fields. There is no doubt that India will be a major economic force in the 21st century, though it will face significant challenges in developing infrastructure and in spreading these economic gains to its still overwhelmingly rural population.

Today’s competitive job market requires applicants to distinguish themselves, and international education experience is the perfect way to do so. Having international education experience is an incredible resume booster, as it shows prospective employers that the applicants are motivated, independent, and generally more qualified. Additionally, obtaining Foreign language skills can make applicants eligible for a variety of jobs that they may have otherwise been unqualified for.

Students of the Foreign Universities are welcome to India. Studying abroad in India for a semester or year will give students a fresh perspective on themselves, India, and the world. By living in a Foreign country such as India, students will constantly challenge themselves in many new and exciting ways and gain a level of independence they never knew they had. Studying abroad in India will expose them to diverse people and viewpoints, and they will get to experience a different way of life apart from their own in their country. They will be immersed in the language, culture, and people of the host country and will get to experience life as residents, not as mere tourists. While studying in India, they will also earn credit towards their current degree. Study abroad programs at Graduate and Post-Graduate levels may be arranged in high quality Indian institutions, which have facilities of international standards. Students of the Foreign Universities will get the most memorable study abroad experience possible.

Students will pay the regular tuition and fees, room and board expenses, to their parent institution. The Foreign Universities will pay an agreed amount to Indian institutions for providing tuition, room and board. International travel costs will be borne by the students.
Collaboration Methodology

Curricula of Programs: The curricula of degree, diploma, and certificate programs will be in tune with the guidelines established by the relevant accrediting agencies of the Foreign universities. The course exercises, along with home-works, assignments and examinations will be provided by the Foreign universities to ensure that the courses of study in India for obtaining degrees, diplomas, and certificates meet their academic standards. In the case of twinning/transfer programs, the curricula will be the regular existing curricula of the Indian institutions, though it may be supplemented by additional curricula of the Foreign universities, if desired by Indian institutions.

Teaching: The course materials and teaching methods will be the same as the ones offered in the Foreign universities. Indian institutions will follow the same study guidelines as the Foreign universities. A faculty member may be deputed by the Foreign universities, for short duration of two weeks every semester for presenting parts of each program. Carefully selected Indian faculty will present remainder of the programs. Round-trip travel to India of visiting faculty members will be borne by Indian institutions. Room and board of international standards will be provided to visiting faculty members in India. In addition, Indian institutions will pay honoraria to the visiting faculty members.

Testing: The course exercises, along with home-works, assignments and examinations will be provided, administered, and graded by the faculty of Indian Institutions and Foreign universities for the courses taught by them.

Faculty Support: Teaching in India will be done by the faculty of Indian institutions, though the Foreign universities may depute a faculty member each semester for short periods of two weeks to teach courses. Competent Indian faculty members will conduct the programs. Indian faculty will have academic and other qualifications as per the standards of the accrediting agencies of Foreign universities. State-of-the-art computing facilities and broad-band Internet connections will be provided by Indian institutions to enable students to access educational resources of the Foreign universities such as faculty, libraries and computer centers.

Internships: Indian students will be encouraged to take up project works in corporate houses in India and abroad with the help of the Indian institutions and the Foreign universities. However, the cost of such internships will be borne by students themselves. Both Indian institutions and the Foreign universities will actively help the students to get internship opportunities in India and abroad.

Placement Support: Students who have successfully completed their degree, diploma, and certificate programs will be listed by Indian institutions and the Foreign universities for tapping suitable placement opportunities with companies in India and foreign countries. Indian institutions and Foreign universities will actively assist in placing successful candidates in India and abroad with the help of on-site and video / telephone interviews.

Collaboration responsibility: The administration of the programs would be split between Indian institutions and Foreign universities. The responsibility of the Foreign universities will include developing innovative curricula, sharing faculty, and joint projects. Foreign universities would be in-charge of programs, and course definition, whereas Indian institutions would handle local advertising and promotion, appointment of Indian faculty members, screening of students, admission of students, provision of infrastructure, and conducting of the programs.

Revenue Sharing: Currently, the cost of tuition for programs offered by premier educational institutions in India is around US $ 6,000 per year. Careful consideration will be given to current market trends by Indian institutions while setting competitive price of the programs in order to attract talented students across the country. The pricing of the programs will be fixed based on the expected demand for specific programs. The class size for each program will be around 60 students. Foreign universities will be paid a certain percent of tuition revenue of programs by Indian institutions. The percentage of the share of tuition revenue will depend on reputation, accreditation, and quality of the programs of Foreign universities.
Launch of Foreign Programs in India
Though the potential for launching collaborative programs between Foreign universities and Indian institutions is great, it has to be done in a thoughtful and methodical manner. The most important consideration is that the programs should be launched in collaboration between well-established and reputable foreign and Indian entities. A careful assessment has to be made about the commitment and financial resources of the concerned collaborating entities, so that sustainability is assured. It is absolutely essential that the programs are run properly with highest quality standards. Ability to provide infrastructure of international standards for running the programs will be an important criterion in the selection of collaborating Partners. Careful scrutiny has to be made in the initial stages for ensuring success of the programs, apart from creating a good brand image. The Indus Foundation is willing to assist Indian institutions in this process.
Certificate Programs
There has been a remarkable growth in the numbers and kinds of certificate programs that are sought by students and working professionals throughout India. Certificate programs include corporate training programs, executive development programs, and management development programs. Certificate programs that consist of for-credit courses are of particular interest, because credits carry over to degree and diploma programs in Foreign Universities. Graduate and Post-Graduate certificate programs are sought after in virtually every discipline, including in business, education, health sciences, information technology, humanities, and the arts. Certificate programs are of interest because of their short duration. Some of the Indian students who take up certificate programs offered by Foreign Universities in India may be interested in transferring to the Foreign Universities and complete the remainder of credits in residence for earning a degree or diploma.

Certificate programs usually comprise of five or six courses and students earn a maximum of 18 to 24 credits. Certificate programs may be of two-semester duration (one year), though a few select programs of one semester duration may also be offered. Graduate and Post-Graduate certificate programs of Foreign Universities may be offered in their entirety through Indian institutions. In addition to their existing certificate programs, Foreign Universities may suitably tailor their Graduate and Post-Graduate degree or diploma programs and offer them as certificate programs in India. Students completing the certificate programs offered through Indian institutions will be given certificates by Foreign Universities

CORPORATE EDUCATION
As providers of comprehensive continuing education, Foreign Universities can serve as Sponsors to companies and organizations in India. Foreign Universities can draw on their resources as world-renowned universities to understand Indian organizations' needs, offer expert consultation, and develop custom educational programs which would be primarily delivered by Indian instructors who are experts in their fields. Foreign Universities' reputation as valuable Sponsors and resources, and the breadth of their programs could enable them to build an impressive roster of clients and facilitate the growth of leading corporations, public agencies, and non-profit organizations in India.

In Graduate certificate programs, students who have completed 12th standard will be eligible for admission. In Post-Graduate certificate programs, students who have completed Graduate degree or equivalent diploma program in any field of study will be eligible for admission. Students, who complete the certificate programs in India, will be eligible for seeking admission to Graduate and Post-Graduate degree and diploma programs in Foreign Universities. Relevant tests such as IELTS, TOEFL and SAT / GMAT / GRE will be required for admission. The number of credits waived for such students will be at the discretion of Foreign Universities based on individual student’s academic background.